“Draw succinct and tangible connections between education and communities and the land”
(Wendell Berry, Henry County, Kentucky: January 12, 2012)
In Henry County, Kentucky, the Wendell Berry Farming Program of Sterling College offers a tuition-free junior and senior year farming curriculum focused on ecological management of livestock, pasture, and forest using draft animals and other appropriately scaled mixed power systems. Inspired by the lifework of farmer and writer Wendell Berry, and designed in partnership with The Berry Center, in New Castle, Kentucky, the program serves undergraduate students from Kentucky and elsewhere who intend to farm. In combination with previously-earned credits, students earn a Bachelor of Arts degree in Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems from Sterling College, a federally-recognized Work College. Wendell Berry says of the curriculum, “This farming program is exactly what most needs doing here.”
As we have done for decades on our Vermont campus, Sterling College provides in Kentucky a farmer education that links the liberal arts to farming, forestry, draft power, and good land stewardship. The curriculum combines the arts and sciences with community-based, co-operative economics and training. Students work with local farmers, economists, rural advocacy groups, and The Berry Center staff. The curriculum culminates in graduates’ farm plans. The Wendell Berry Farming Program is for students who will have completed at least 60 college credits by August of 2021 and who are farming already or intend to farm for a livelihood. Cohorts of 12 students are selected from a pool of applicants for a 2-year commitment. Applicants do not need to have attended Sterling College in order to apply. Although financial need is not a prerequisite for admission, we are especially interested in applicants who are Pell Grant-eligible as well as students from groups underrepresented in farming. Typically, admitted students have a strong liberal arts and sciences background, a solid work ethic, a desire to farm, and a commitment to strengthening rural places.
Farm & Curriculum
The curriculum is focused on the survival of small and mid-scale farms. We study how to be profitable within ecological bounds. We work to cultivate a culture that supports farming that is inclusive, equitable, parity-based, and resilient. Our goal is unique in agricultural education: to interweave a hands-on, liberal arts, farming curriculum with a diversified mid-scale livestock farm using appropriately scaled mixed power systems (i.e., draft and combustion power). Our approach to farming is modestly scaled, humble, and attuned to rural places.
The farm, forest, waterways, and community are the classrooms. We integrate our work and learning with The Berry Center’s initiatives: Our Home Place Meat, a burgeoning farmers’ cooperative; the Agrarian Cultural Center; and the Agrarian Library and Archive, documenting the Berry family’s legacy of rural advocacy.
The Berry Center provides for the WBFP a 200-acre farm located on Maddox Ridge Road near Port Royal, Kentucky. Dalton and Ann Brown owned, farmed, and lived on this land from 1964 to 2019. The farm has a history of careful use.
The land is ideally suited for grass farming and a diversity of livestock: beef cattle, sheep, draft animals, and pastured poultry, a combination that provides the most potential for farm income. The farm has 50 acres of woodland that benefit from a “worst-first” management plan, which will improve the health of the woods while providing lumber, a small income, and a classroom. The use of draft animals provides a low-cost source of power. The work of mules, oxen, and horses is combined with other forms of appropriately scaled combustion technology. The WBFP uses grass, livestock, and forest like three legs of a stool in a model that is biologically based and economically viable.
The farm serves as a research and community demonstration farm for The Berry Center’s Our Home Place Meat (OHPM) program, as well. OHPM focuses on good pasture management through ruminant production as well as on the development of viable, cooperative, parity-based markets. WBFP students learn about and participate in this program through the curriculum, Work Program, and on-farm research.
With classes taught by Sterling faculty, the WBFP serves students who have a strong desire for an education that prepares them to “come home” to farm and build strong rural communities. Together, we take on pressing concerns:
- How can farmers afford to farm well?
- What will invigorate a local, restorative forest economy?
- How can we be good neighbors?
Learning to answer these questions is invigorating. We are engaged in the cultural work of bridging divides between farmers who are obliged to farm for conventional markets and farmers who are trying to establish regional economies. We’re working to close gaps between rural and urban, making clear how urban places depend on the health of rural places and vice versa. We are working toward inclusive communities by doing the difficult and often uncomfortable work of learning from our collective past.
Courses integrate disciplines because, as Wendell Berry says, “Disciplinary boundaries begin to lose their efficacy in truly interdisciplinary programs.” Three full-time faculty and carefully-selected part-time faculty lead this initiative. Dr. Ed Fredrickson stears the WBFP’s agroecology and livestock components; he brings to bear thirty years of work in rangeland ecology and holistic livestock management. Rick Thomas leads draft animal power systems courses, restorative forestry work, and farm operations. Dr. Leah Bayens serves as the program’s dean and guides the curriculum’s cultural and humanities components. A sample class list is below.
Program Costs & Financial Aid
Tuition costs are covered through a combination of philanthropic support from the NoVo Foundation, state and federal grant funds for which students may be eligible, and participation in Sterling College’s Work Program. Students admitted to the WBFP will be responsible for the cost of room, board, books, and fees. Students and their families may elect to draw upon federal and private loans in order to pay for room, board, and fees. Sterling College will assist families in navigating this process. However, no student will need to use student loans to pay for tuition. We believe this approach gives graduates better prospects to farm without having had to rely heavily on tuition loans.
Read the full case statement here.
Sterling College is one of only eight colleges recognized by the federal government as a Work College. WBFP students’ tuition costs are partially covered through their participation in Sterling’s Work Program. Every Sterling residential student works at least 80 hours per semester. Non-residential students are expected to work at least 50 hours per semester.
Typically, WBFP positions are available in farm, forest, and draft animal areas as well as in service to The Berry Center’s Agrarian Library and Archive, Agrarian Cultural Center and Bookstore, and Our Home Place Meat. Some positions are also designed to support WBFP education, health, and wellbeing needs. In the end, students graduate with a solid record of tangible work experience.
Description of Campus Life
WBFP campus life is far from ordinary. Henry County is our classroom, and we take part in the life of this place in real ways. We forge meaningful connections to the neighboring community, just as we build lifelong relationships amongst students, faculty, and staff in Kentucky and Vermont. When students graduate from the WBFP, they have a built-in network of friends, allies, helpers, and advisers.
We value students who represent diverse backgrounds in education, farming experiences, age, race, ethnicity, gender, geography, and economics. Typically, the WBFP cohort is composed of both residential students and those who live (and often farm) nearby. By living, working, and learning together within a community, we learn inclusive neighborliness and obligation to others. We value our connections, even during a pandemic.
Housing is available and provides an opportunity for immersive on-farm work and learning. The WBFP fosters independent living residential life. Free laundry facilities, a full kitchen, and comfortable common areas are provided for residents. Students manage their own food procurement and preparation, and they share in the responsibilities of cooperative living with housemates. Personal transportation is ideal for this rural location.
Both residential and non-residential students are supported by a Kentucky-based student life director and by a team of student life and wellness professionals on the Vermont campus. Life in the Wendell Berry Farming Program is warm, respectful, and supportive. We work hard, get dirty, and have fun.
Admission Criteria & Deadlines
We are particularly delighted to receive applications from students who are residents of Kentucky, and the application is open to any student who is a U.S. resident. Only twelve students will be invited to enroll with application review beginning on April 15th, 2021 and first offers of admission shared with applicants on May 1st, 2021. Enrollment commitments will be expected by May 15th, 2021.
Admission is highly competitive. Applicants must have a strong work ethic and demonstrate a desire to farm. Applicants should be both highly independent and self-motivated as well as thoroughly able to cooperate and work interdependently with colleagues, faculty, and community members.
Competitive applicants will exhibit outstanding capacity for:
- Conscientious self-management and decision-making
- Communicating information in timely and respectful ways
- Utilizing feedback for improvement
- Engaging in work and learning with a positive attitude
- Thriving in an intensive living and learning environment with a small cohort of students, faculty, and staff in a rural community
- Serving in ways that hone community and land stewardship skills
- Practicing situation-appropriate leadership skills
Academically, applicants should:
- Demonstrate extraordinary academic ability. Preference may be given to applicants with cumulative GPA scores of 3.5 on a 4.0 scale.
- Complete at least 60 semester credit hours of coursework at a regionally-accredited institution of higher education by August 2021.
- Complete the prerequisite course equivalencies listed below by August 2021.
- Demonstrate holistic, critical, nuanced thinking and creative problem solving.
- Seek a liberal arts, interdisciplinary education delivered through a combination of experiential learning and discussion-based formats.
- Be committed to an agroecological and ecological agrarian education.
In terms of agricultural experiences, highly-competitive applicants will have farming, forestry, draft power, or other experiences that prepare them for the work of the WBFP.
Criteria for transfer courses
- NS107A: Foundations of Ecology (4 credits), can be met with an Ecology course, Ecology & Evolution course, or combination of Organismal Biology and Environmental Science, other related courses will be considered.
- NS247 Soil, Plants, & Microbes I (3 cr) [prereq. NS107A], can be met with any introductory biology course, or AP Biology
- Math Competency
- 3 Humanities coursework credits
- 1 200/300-level Writing-Intensive (WI) course
Financial need is not a consideration for admission to the Wendell Berry Farming Program. Combining Work Program tuition credits with federal and state grant funding for which students may be eligible, Sterling will provide scholarship funding that fully covers the cost of tuition. There will be no tuition cost to any student, however, students will be responsible for the cost of room, board, and fees.
Students and their families may elect to draw upon federal and private loans in order to pay for room, board, and fees, and Sterling College will assist families in navigating this process. However, no student will need to use student loans to pay for tuition. All applicants must file the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) using school code 014991.
All Application Requirements Due: April 1st, 2021
Interview Due: April 15th, 2021
Decision Letters Sent: May 1st, 2021
Enrollment Commitments/Deposits Due: May 15th, 2021
Requirements: official transcripts; high school and college transcripts, 2 letters of recommendation (one from an academic reference and another from a professional or community reference), phone interview.
Of the 12 students who will be enrolled within this five years of funding, anyone who falls out of course sequence with their cohort could finish the degree in Vermont, though they may not be eligible for this tuition scholarship. If circumstances beyond the student’s control prevent them from completing the degree in Kentucky, then the scholarship would support them to continue the degree program in Vermont.